What Is Depression And What Is a Bipolar And Unipolar Depression

Feeling sad, feeling tired, having a loss of interest in daily activities – these are the symptoms familiar to all of us. But, if they persist and affect our life then it cause Depression, it may be depression or sadness. Depression causes feelings of sadness or a loss of interest. Depression causes severe symptoms that affect how you think, how you feel, and handle daily activities, such as sleeping, eating once enjoyed.

What Is Depression And What Is a Bipolar And Unipolar Depression

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Today we talk about What is Depression. Feeling sad, feeling tired, having a loss of interest in daily activities – these are the symptoms familiar to all of us. But, if they persist and affect our life then it cause Depression, it may be depression or sadness. Depression  is a common and serious medical illness. It is a common but serious mood disorder that negatively affects how you feel, the way you think and how you act. Depression causes feelings of sadness or a loss of interest. Depression causes severe symptoms that affect how you think, how you feel, and handle daily activities, such as sleeping, eating once enjoyed.

It can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems and can decrease a person’s ability. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), depression is the most common illness worldwide and the leading cause of disability. They estimate that 350 million people are suffering from depression in the world.

Signs and symptoms:

The following signs and symptoms most of the day, nearly every day, for at least two weeks, you may be suffering from depression and Depression symptoms can be from mild to severe and can include:

  • Feeling sad
  • Irritability
  • Feelings of hopelessness
  • Depressed mood
  • Feeling worthless
  • Feeling guilty
  • Difficulty to concentrating
  • Difficulty to remembering, or making decisions
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Feeling tired
  • Appetite-weight loss or gain unrelated to dieting
  • Difficulty sleeping, early-morning awakening
  • Oversleeping
  • Difficulty thinking, concentrating or making decisions
  •  Headaches, cramps, aches
  • Felling worthlessness, or helplessness
  • Fatigue or loss of energy

Fast facts on depression in human beings:

  • Depression seems to be more common among women than men.
  • Headache, stomach problems, shortness of breath, and general physical tension can all be facts of depression, according to the National Institute of Mental Health.
  • People with chronic conditions like diabetes, heart disease, shortness of breath may also have a higher risk of depression.  
  • The causes of depression are not fully understood. But are likely to be a complex combination of genetic, biological, and psycho-social factors.

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Causes of depression:

The causes of depression are not fully understood.The  most common causes of depression are as follows:

  1. Genetics and Biology
  2. Brain Chemistry Imbalance
  3. Brain Chemistry Imbalance
  4. Circadian Rhythm Disturbance
  5. Poor Nutrition
  6. Physical Health Problems
  7. Drugs

Genetics and Biology-

Genetics and Biology is that type of depression which consists of twin, adoption, and family studies have linked depression of genetics. But, researchers are not yet certain about all the genetic risk factors for depression. But at this time, most researchers suspect that having parents or siblings with depression may be a risk factor.

Brain Chemistry Imbalance-

Brain Chemistry Imbalance is that type of depression which consists imbalance of neurotransmitters which are involved in mood regulation. Neurotransmitters are chemical substances which help different areas of the brain communicate with each other.

Female Sex Hormones-

Female Sex Hormones has been widely documented that women suffer from major depression about twice as often as men.It is believed that hormonal risk factors may be to blame during women’s reproductive years. Women are especially prone to depressive disorders during times when their hormones are in flux, such as around the time of their menstrual period, childbirth.

Circadian Rhythm Disturbance-

Circadian Rhythm Disturbance is that type of depression which consists of seasonal effective disorder. One type of depression, called depressive disorder with seasonal pattern.

Poor Nutrition-

Poor Nutrition as well as poor diet can contribute to depression in several ways. It contains variety of vitamin and mineral deficiencies are known to cause symptoms of depression. Some search have found that diets either low in omega-3 fatty acids. An imbalanced ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 are associated with increased rates of depression.

Physical Health Problems-

Physical Health Problems is based on illness. Illness is related to depression in two ways. The stress of having a chronic illness may trigger an episode of major depression. If you are experiencing a physical health problem you may discover changes in your mental health as well and certain illnesses, such as thyroid disorder and liver disease, can cause depression.

Drugs-

Drugs such as alcohol it can contribute to depressive disorders. But, even some time drugs have been link to depression. Some drugs that have been found to be associated with depression include benzodiazepines, nicotine and beta-blockers.

Types of depression

There are two major types of depression Uni-polar and bipolar depression

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If the predominant feature is a depressed mood, it is called uni-polar depression. However, if it is characterized by both manic and depressive episodes separated by periods of normal mood, it is referred to as bipolar disorder  (also called manic depression). Uni-polar depression can involve anxiety and other symptoms but no manic depression. The research shows that 40 percent of the time individually with bipolar depression

Major depressive disorder with psychotic features

This condition is characterized by depression accompanied by psychosis. Psychosis can involve delusions – false beliefs and detachment from reality, or hallucinations

Postpartum depression

Women often experience “baby blues” with a newborn baby, but this type of depression may also known as postnatal depression.

Major depressive disorder with seasonal pattern

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)  is related to the reduced daylight of winter. The depression occurs during this season but lifts for the rest of the year and in response to light therapy. Countries with long or severe winters seem to be affects more by this condition.

Treatment of depression:

It is a treatable mental illness. There are three components to the management of depression are:

  • Drug treatment, specifically antidepressants.
  • Psychotherapy, also known as talking therapies, such as (CBT) known as cognitive behavioral therapy.
  • Support, ranging from discussing practical solutions such as contributing stresses, to educating family members.

 

Thank you for reading this article till end, I hope you like this article about desease  and in it you get the information about ”Depression”

 

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