Radiation Pollution And Nuclear Hazard: Causes, Control, Effects, Sources
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Radiation Pollution And Nuclear Hazard: Causes, Control, Effects, Sources

Radiation pollution and nuclear hazard is always convenient to discuss radioactive pollution separately because its nature of contamination is different from other types of pollution. The emission of energy from radioactive substances in the environment is Radioactive Pollution. Various atmospheric conditions and climate conditions such as wind, temperature and rainfall also determine their effects. Effects are cancer, shortening of life span and genetic effects or mutations.





Radiation Pollution And Nuclear Hazard: Causes, Control, Effects, Sources

Radiation pollution and nuclear hazard, causes, control, effects, sources, radioactive hazard is a special from of physical pollution related to all major life-supporting systems – air, water, and soil. It is always convenient to discuss radioactive pollution separately because its nature of contamination is different from other types of pollution.

 

Radiation Pollution And Nuclear Hazard: Causes, Control, Effects, Sources

Its effects are also of special kinds.

Radioactive hazard

Radioactivity is the phenomenon of emission of energy from radioactive isotopes ( i.e., unstable isotopes ), such as Carbon-14, Uranium-235,Uranium-238, Uranium-239 etc.

The emission of energy from radioactive substances in the environment is Radioactive Pollution.




 

Sources of Nuclear Hazards:-

The sources of radioactivity are both natural and anthropogenic (man-made)

  • Nuclear sources

Cosmic rays from outer space. The quantity depends on altitude and latitude.

Emissions from radioactive materials from the earth’s crust.

  • Anthropogenic  (man-made)

It include nuclear wastes that is waste material that contains radioactive nuclei produced during the mining and processing of radioactive ores.

Effects of Nuclear Hazards:-

Radiation Pollution And Nuclear Hazard: Causes, Control, Effects, Sources
Radiation Pollution And Nuclear Hazard: Causes, Control, Effects, Sources

The effects of radioactive pollutants depend upon half-life, energy releasing capacity, rate of diffusion and rate of deposition of the contaminant.

Various atmospheric conditions and climate conditions such as wind, temperature and rainfall also determine their effects. Effects are cancer, shortening of life span and genetic effects or mutations.





Radium is the 25000 times more lethal than arsenic. The cell, which is the fundamental unit of life, is the primary site of radiation damage. If too many cells are damaged, ulceration of the mouth, the reddening and hemorrhaging of the skin and lowering of the blood count.

Control of Nuclear Hazards:-

On one hand, the peaceful uses of radioactive materials are so wide and effective that modern civilization cannot go without them; on the other hand, there is no cure for radiation damage.

Thus, the only option against nuclear hazards is to check and prevent radioactive pollution.

 Waste disposal must be careful, efficient, effective.





 

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