Diabetes mellitus| definition, risk factors, diagnosis, symptoms, classification, treatments & more

Diabetes mellitus| definition, risk factors, diagnosis, symptoms, classification, treatments & more

Diabetes mellitus| definition, risk factors, diagnosis, symptoms, classification, treatments & more- It is a chronic disease once thought to be uncommon in the developing world, which has now emerged as a serious public health problem in ASIA.

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According to estimates, by the 2025, there will be almost 170 per cent increase in the number of diabetics in developing countries, while the increase in developed country will be about 42 per cent.

Diabetes mellitus (or diabetes) is a chronic, lifelong condition that affects your body’s ability to use the energy found in food.
There are three major types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes.
       All types of diabetes mellitus have something in common. Normally, your body breaks down the sugars and carbohydrates you eat into a special sugar called glucose.
     Glucose fuels the cells in your body. But the cells need insulin, a hormone, in your bloodstream in order to take in the glucose and use it for energy.
With diabetes mellitus, either your body doesn’t make enough insulin, it can’t use the insulin it does produce, or a combination of both.
     With the projected increase in the diabetics population between 1995 and 2025, south-east ASIA will become the most challenged region in the world.

Countries of the region will bear the m maximum global burden of diabetes mellitus – the disorder that constitutes a major epidemic in the initial decades of the twenty-first century.

Diabetes mellitus is a disease in which the body either fails to produce any insulin or the insulin produced is unable to adequately trigger the conserve of food into energy.

Symptoms of diabetes 

symptoms of diabetes
symptoms of diabetes
  • Excessive thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Weight loss
  • Blurred vision
  • Increased hunger
  • Frequent skin, bladder or gum infections
  • Irritability
  • Tingling or numbness in hands or feet
  • Slow to healing of wounds
  • Extreme unexplained fatigue

  Risk groups constitute of people who:

  •  45 years or over
  •  overnight
  • are habitually physically inactive
  •  a family history of diabetes
  • have elevated blood pressure
  •  an HDL cholesterol level
  •  a history of vascular disease

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