Diabetes mellitus| definition, risk factors, diagnosis, symptoms, classification, treatments & more
Diabetes mellitus| definition, risk factors, diagnosis, symptoms, classification, treatments & more- It is a chronic disease once thought to be uncommon in the developing world, which has now emerged as a serious public health problem in ASIA.
According to estimates, by the 2025, there will be almost 170 per cent increase in the number of diabetics in developing countries, while the increase in developed country will be about 42 per cent.
Countries of the region will bear the m maximum global burden of diabetes mellitus – the disorder that constitutes a major epidemic in the initial decades of the twenty-first century.
Diabetes mellitus is a disease in which the body either fails to produce any insulin or the insulin produced is unable to adequately trigger the conserve of food into energy.
Symptoms of diabetes
- Excessive thirst
- Frequent urination
- Weight loss
- Blurred vision
- Increased hunger
- Frequent skin, bladder or gum infections
- Tingling or numbness in hands or feet
- Slow to healing of wounds
- Extreme unexplained fatigue
Risk groups constitute of people who:
- 45 years or over
- are habitually physically inactive
- a family history of diabetes
- have elevated blood pressure
- an HDL cholesterol level
- a history of vascular disease