Any things external to the organism is known as environment. In simple words environment means surrounding around us. Living organism can not live by itself but they require environment to live. Healthy environment is the foundation of good health.
Concept And Need Of Environment In Physical Education Programme
Environment and concept :-
Concept And Need Of Environment- Any things external to the organism is known as environment. In simple words environment means surrounding around us. Living organism can not live by itself but they require environment to live. Healthy environment is the foundation of good health. Environment is made up of all those things which effects the different activities of our life directly or indirectly. Environment is surrounding and this surrounding is the sum of total of all physical, chemical, social and economical factors.
DOUGALS and HOLLAND defines ”Environment” as word describes, in the aggregate all of external forces, influences and conditions, which effect the life, nature, behavior and the growth and development and maturation of living organism.
All plants, animals, human beings and physical features are part of environment and they depend upon each other for the balance.
Types of Environment:-
There are two types of environment i.e. External Environment and Internal Environment.
It consists of all non-living things. It is also call as a-biotic environment. This a-biotic type of environment include non-living things such as soil, climate, temperature etc. and these components of a-biotic environment influences the living things. This external environment further divided into two types:- (a) Natural and (b) Artificial environment.
- Natural Environment:- It includes rivers, minerals, rocks, soil, temperature, climate, weather of different regions, forests, physical features like mountains, plains, plateau, hills etc. Geography of different places, altitude, latitude, waters resources. Generally it is not possible to change the natural environment but to some extent it can be change in exceptional cases.
- Artificial or Man-made Environment:- It consists of man-made features like roads, buildings, industries, homes, bridges, dams, different man-made projects etc.
This also known as biotic environment. It includes plants, animals, human beings etc. Interaction between biotic and a-biotic environment give rise to social environment. Social environment include economic, cultural, psychological. The social environment influences culture psychological make up and sociological development.
Need Of Environment In Physical Education Programme:-
Physical education programme can be implements efficiently only in proper or positive environment because these programme are related to the health of the individual or sports persons. If the environment is positive, then it is good for the individual or sports persons who take part in the programme of physical education.
There are various reasons for which the proper or positive environment is need for sports persons who take part in any type of physical education programme. It is well known fact that when the altitude is above the sea level, the ability of the body to transport oxygen to various organs and tissues is reduced. There is no effect of high altitude on short term physical activities such as sprints, shot put, long jump, weight lifting, jumping, throwing etc.
If the sports person, starts living at high altitude, the body starts to adopt the stress of a particular altitude.
Air pollution is also one of the problem for sports person who take part in the programme of physical education. There is the changes of damage to eyes and throat of those sports person who participate in polluted air. It also cause various diseases like respiratory system.